We believe that human population increased after World War II when the population of less developed nations began to accelerate dramatically. As a result, world population entered the twentieth century with approximately 1. In the next 50 years the annual growth will take place in the less developed countries Asia, Africa, and Latin America whose population growth rates are much higher than those in more developed countries.
Essay on Effects of Over Population Article shared by Essay on Effects of Over Population — If the size of population of the country reaches the optimum level, it will not pose any problem. If the growth exceeds the reasonable limits, problems will crop up and Essay on impact of population growth has happened in India.
It means population in excess of demand or need proves to be a great liability to the society. The unprecedented growth of population in India during the recent years has brought about a series of serious consequences.
Some of the main effects of population may be described here. Poverty and population very often go hand in hand. In fact, poverty is both the cause and the effect of rapid growth of population. The mass poverty of our country is due to the rapid growth of population.
They are ill fed, ill clothed and ill housed.
Thus, mass poverty is due to rapid growth of population. Not only new born individuals are to be fed and sheltered but they are also to be provided with jobs. New jobs are to be created for new hands. It is not easy to create jobs. There is already unemployment coupled with under employment. Every year more than 5 million people who attain the working age join the group of job seekers.
Job opportunities that are created during the course of the Five Year Plans are not enough to meet the demand. For instance, the number of the unemployed increased from 12 million at the end of the Third Plan to 16 millions at the end of the Fourth Plan, and to 21 millions at the end of the Fifth Plan.
The percentage of the people who did not get employed as per census was As per the figures forabout As per the estimates of the 8th and 9th Plan, there would be million job- seekers in India by A.
During the past 50 years of planning, the national income of the country has increased by about 3. But the per capita income has increased only by 1. This low per capita income of the people in India is attributed to the rapid growth of population. The rapidly growing population in India has led to the problem of shortage of food supply.
Even though we have attained self-sufficiency in food production, due to improper distribution, all the people do not get sufficient food to sustain their health. As a result one out of every four is suffering from malnutrition and two out of every four get only half of the daily required quantum of energising food.
When there is rapid growth of population in the country, the government is required to provide the minimum facilities for the people for their comfortable living. Hence it has to increase educational, housing, sanitation, public health, medical, transportation, communication and other facilities.
|Table of Contents||Concern for environment has increased and spread over recent years. Pollution-a major environmental concern.|
This will increase the cost of the social overheads. Since an increase in population reduces per capita income, the standard of living of the people deteriorates. This affects very badly the health and efficiency of the workers.
The physical and the mental efficiency of the workers naturally come down. Labour inefficiency reduces productivity and the nation at large loses very heavily.Even with no new migration, Muslims are projected to increase as a share of Europe's population. The book An Essay on the Principle of Population was first published anonymously in , but the author was soon identified as Thomas Robert ashio-midori.com book predicted a grim future, as population would increase geometrically, doubling every 25 years, but food production would only grow arithmetically, which would result in famine and starvation, unless births were controlled.
An anti-natalist policy is concerned with limiting population growth by encouraging the population to have less children.
The most famous example of this is in China and a policy called 'The One Child Policy'. StudyMoose™ is the largest database in with thousands of free essays online for college and high schools Find essays by subject & topics Inspire with essay ideas and get A+ grade with our professional writers.
Try FREE! Article shared by. Essay on Effects of Over Population – If the size of population of the country reaches the optimum level, it will not pose any problem. If the growth exceeds the reasonable limits, problems will crop up and that has happened in India. It means population in excess of demand or need proves to be a great liability to the society.
Nov 04, · Population growth in Africa essay. Today many developing countries are concerned about population-related challenges, which have a strong impact on social, cultural and economic development of human society/5(10).