Sunday, 27 January Poverty reduction in developing countries depends almost exclusively on high economic growth Poverty reduction is a subject that has attracted a lot of debate in past three decades.
According to the release from the Planning Commission, This is comparable with The decline in poverty numbers was first reported by The Hindu on 16 July indicating that nearly 20 million people were pulled out of poverty every year.
Meaning behind the Trends: Over the last decade there has been a consistent decline as the levels of poverty dropped from These trends though not surprising has opened up a line of debate on the factors that are considered responsible for the change. These are reflections of the broader trends in the background.
According to the Planning Commission the decline in poverty flows from the increase in real per capita consumption. The data in the report suggests per annum increase in real Monthly Per Capita Consumption Expenditure MPCE throughout the decade implying 1 the increase in real MPCE was much more in the second half of the decade to in comparison with the first half to2 that the distribution of the increase was equally fair across all deciles, and 3 the distribution was particularly equitable in rural areas.
Some economists have a theory is that this decline is the realization of the trickle-down effect of the record economic and otherwise Essays on how to reduce poverty in india which the last decade witnessed. Even though this growth did not reflected itself in the commensurate rise in employment it did result in higher tax revenue, to enable the government for funding a large social sector spending programs including of rural job guarantee one etc.
The capability approach propagated by Amartya Sen argues that the integration of the above two theories of development expenditure along with growth combat poverty. The approach is questioned by an economist from Columbia University who emphasizes on rapid growth over and above the development expenditure.
Disputes about the estimates: The experts show concerns about the comparability of the poverty numbers.
The World Bank report entitled, “India: Achievements and Challenges in Reducing Poverty”, recently observed that the poverty level in India could go down from the current level of about 35 per cent to just per cent by the year if the economy maintains its growth and income distribution levels. India’s current population is around over billion. Of the total population, approximately 70 per cent live in rural India. There has been some debate on . 9 Ways to Reduce Poverty. Proven programs like high-quality early care and education and the Nurse-Family Partnership can help buffer the effects of poverty. But if we really want to improve life prospects for poor kids we need to reduce the number of poor kids. Which means increasing their families’ incomes.
The fresh estimations by the plan panel using the Tendulkar methodology have been criticized to have fixed the poverty lines at Rs. However the release of the plan panel shows there would still be a decline in the poverty rates from levels regardless of methodology was used to determine the poverty line.
The estimates do not make use of data from the NSSO consumption survey in as it was a drought year. Another issue that crops up in the context is the clarification regarding the additional imputed value and its effect on change in poverty levels.
The sharp decline in Bihar and Andhra Pradesh in two years also needs to be analyzed in depth. The inclusion of the imputed spending for free meals from the mid-day meals program and the Integrated Child Development Services scheme in calculation of monthly expenditure for the first time in the five-yearly surveys in ; the Tendulkar committee recommendations applied to data collected with a mixed recall period, which was introduced only in causes comparison of data difficult with later years.
Some people from the political opposition to the government have also described these calculations as statistical jugglery while others have raised serious questions about the scientific correctness of these calculations. Linking poverty and environment: Poverty may range from the paucity of various assets and the associated income flows: Poverty measurement issues include 1 level, 2 distribution over households3 time path transitory or chronicand 4 affect of the environment-poverty links.
Environment can be differentiated on the aspects of the disparities across the components of natural resources like: Poverty tend to lead people to pursue desperate measures for living like cutting down of forests in quest of fuel, to keep large number of livestock, to sell off the natural resources for their commercial value.
Thus the definition of poverty from a narrow financial sense may be concomitant with high ecological and biodiversity conservation. Improving the lives of the poor entails a pressure for increasing the food supply, sanitation, education, health care, housing and security and therefore has environmental implications of those increases.
Inclusive growth implies advancements in equitable opportunities for the economic participants as the economy progresses towards the process of economic growth. Green economy and inclusive and sustainable development will now be the change agent in the discourse on development. Social sustainability must be looked as the significant pillar to lay the foundations of sustainable development as the greening process will not result in lifting the vulnerable sections of the society.
In order to stabilise the environmental change cycles, curb the ecological scarcity along with enhancing the ecological system there is a need to have integration of environment, society and investments; sustainability of the environment which is the supply, sustained access of resources to the society as well as the quality of investments.
A green economy needs an international enabling environment in terms of trade to facilitate development decisions. Suggested Policy From the review of literature it can be ascertained that a healthy environment is surely required to lift the people out of poverty but it cannot be a sole factor to do so as it has also been observed that the tropical forests beyond the agricultural frontier have some areas with extreme marked poverty in spite of the fact that the place is environmentally enriched Chomitz, Similarly it has also been observed that efforts to address social imbalances will be required for ensuring the sustainable resource use but it cannot be the sole determinant for this Gilbert, At rural level a policy that integrates the improved practices of land use and the areas under forests along with the economic incentives and technical assistance will provide a win-win avenue for the poverty and environmental policy.
It will prove itself to be the best alternative for stabilising the significant sectors of a developing country like India and in eradication of rural poverty. These efforts need to be complimented with large-scale agriculture, speculating the real estate.
For the urban area a policy that addresses the water and sanitation issues is needed. The poverty-environment linkages are sure to yield substantial payoffs in terms of the improved health amenities, reduced exposure to the toxics, the systems of waste collection and recycling along with significant social rewards.
Implementation Sustained interventions to keep a tab on the structural realities and focus on impacting the underlying causes of poverty are more likely to deliver the required transformations for anchoring the sustainable development.
There is a need to modify development policy for addressing the poverty in its various forms including the poverty in energy sector, inaccessibility to water and sanitation facilities, insecurity in accessing food or malnutrition, lack of education and health facilities etc.
These interventions must connect growth, gender, poverty and environment in a single thread for their interdependence is the key to sustained development.The World Bank report entitled, “India: Achievements and Challenges in Reducing Poverty”, recently observed that the poverty level in India could go down from the current level of about 35 per cent to just per cent by the year if the economy maintains its growth and income distribution levels.
Home Essays Reduce Poverty. Reduce Poverty. Topics: Poverty Running head: POVERTY IN INDIA 1 Poverty in India Charlotte Verser Ottawa University POVERTY IN INDIA 2 I wanted to focus my research on the problem with poverty in India.
I became interested in the subject when one of my classmates told the story of how. The statistics of Poverty in India exhibit a record decline to 22% in (Planning Commission Report, ) with the number of poor in population estimated at .
An Essay on Poverty with reference to India By Amit Bhushan. Poverty is the state of human subsistence where one finds him unable to fully participate in the process of production and fair trade, to earn suitable wages, enough to cover the cost of a healthy & hygienic living in a dignified way.5/5(9).
Search Results. Steps To Reduce Poverty In India Aid in its simplest form is a basic income grant, a form of social security periodically providing citizens with money.
Jan 23, · Poverty has fallen relatively over the past 50 years, but the rates vary from one country to another or from one continent to another. For example, Asia has done remarkably well in reducing its poverty levels with countries like China and India leading the pack.