Key words or phrases are written down while in the field. Field Notes Proper A description of the physical context and the people involved, including their behavior and nonverbal communication. Methodological Notes New ideas that the researcher has on how to carry out the research project.
The games So what? Henry Mintzberg is one of the main business gurus, in particular in the realm of strategy. He described a set of political games.
Note how most of these are about building power in various areas, and how more than one game can be going on at the same time and with the same people. The games Insurgency game Revolution from the bottom. Much beloved of Trades Unions and those who feel the weight of authority.
Counter-insurgency game Play by the authorities as they fight back against insurgents.
Between them they play many other games within this field, such as 'Catch me if you can', Blame games and the 'Poor me' game. Sponsorship game Building power through attaching oneself to those who can help you in the future.
The general deal is that the lower-down people get to be able to call on the higher-up people, who in turn have a loyal servant who keeps their ears to the ground and so on. Alliance-building game Building power through peer networks.
Note how this is played horizontally through the organization vs. Empire-building game Played particularly by managers on their way up the organization, building their power base.
Internal competition then is between complete fiefdoms rather than individuals. This is very useful if you are playing a war game.
Budgeting game Budgeting often has a clear rules and this game is about getting the most money you can, typically by asking for too much with the knowledge that you will get only a part of what you asked for.
More than any other game, this is zero-sum, because when I get the money, you don't. Expertise game This is played by people with expert power, where they manage their knowledge and skills more for their own gain than for that of the company.
For example, they will only give out information or help those who can help them back in the future. Thus is can be played together with other games. Lording game This is played with the power of one's position, for example where a senior manager assembles his staff and makes pronouncements, sending them off to do his or her bidding which may, of course, not be in the interests of the company.
The staff often have no direct authority, which allows the line managers to refuse or resist. Rival camps game When Empire-building turns into an us-vs-them game, typically when there are two main camps, then it can turn into all-out war.
This often happens between departments, such as manufacturing and research, marketing and sales, etc.Need Any Test Bank or Solutions Manual Please contact me email:[email protected] If you are looking for a test bank or a solution manual for your academic textbook then you are in the right place.
Risk is an inescapable part of every decision.
For most of the everyday choices people make, the risks are small. But on a corporate scale, the implications (both upside and downside) can be enormous. In this definitive and revealing history, Henry Mintzberg, the iconoclastic former president of the Strategic Management Society, unmasks the press that has mesmerized so many organizations since strategic planning.
Change Agent Definition.
A change agent is a person from inside or outside the organization who helps an organization transform itself by focusing on such matters as organizational effectiveness.
Aug 22, · Anyone’s list of inspiring leaders in the 20th century will have the name of Gandhi. This week Pradeep Chakravarthy, of the Infosys Leadership Institute, and I will suggest two key leadership. In this definitive and revealing history, Henry Mintzberg, the iconoclastic former president of the Strategic Management Society, unmasks the press that has mesmerized so many organizations since strategic planning.