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History[ edit ] Filipino Psychology emerged and grew as part of the nationalist indigenization movement in the Philippines that was formalized in The roots of Filipino Psychology can be traced back to the introduction of the American education system in the Philippines.
Agustin Alonzo was among the first Filipino psychologist to return from his education in America to teach at the College of Education in the University of the Philippines. Arriving with them psychological knowledge rooted in the American tradition of psychology. Western psychology is taught in schools as universal and scientific despite being insensitive and inappropriate to Philippine culture.
During the s, many Filipino intellectuals and scholars were already aware of the limitations and inapplicability of Western Psychology.
It was only in the s when a concerted effort to address colonial psychology in the form of Filipino Psychology. It was during the turbulent time of Ferdinand Marcos ' dictatorship when nationalist and radical sentiment among scholars had allowed Filipino Psychology to emerge.
Salazar in the indigenization movement of their respective fields. Basic orientation and context[ edit ] Filipino Psychology is described as largely postcolonial and as a liberation psychology.
There are even some had even argued that it is a local variant of Critical Psychology since it served as an emancipatory social science since it aims to decolonize academic neocolonialism. Filipino psychology is usually thought of as a branch of Asian psychologythe placement, determined primarily on culture.
However, there is an ongoing debate on the make-up of Philippine culture, because this will generally determine whether Philippine Psychology is to be placed under the realms of either Asian psychology or Eastern psychology. Four traditions[ edit ] Inhistorian Zeus A. Salazar identified four traditions upon which Philippine psychology is rooted: Academic Scientific Psychology or Akademiko-siyentipikal na Sikolohiya: This follows the tradition of Wilhelm Wundt in and is essentially the American-oriented Western psychology being studied in the Philippines.
Academic Philosophic Psychology or Akademiko-pilosopiya na Sikolohiya: This was started by priest-professors at the University of Santo Tomas. This tradition is mainly focused on what is called ' Rational psychology '. Ethnic Psychology or Taal na Sikolohiya: This is the tradition on which Philippine psychology is primarily based.
This refers to the indigenous concepts that are studied using indigenous psychological orientation and methodologies. Psycho-medical Religious Psychology or Sikolohiyang Siko-medikal: The tradition that fuses native healing techniques and explains it in an indigenous religious context.
A social scientist[ who?
The majority of Filipinos are poor and religion has become an important facet of life, to the extent that some disbelieve in science. Many foreigners look down on Filipinos, going as far as calling them slaves. That is why when working as domestic helpers, many Filipinos report cases of work-related abuse.
Ibang Tao "outsider" There are five interaction levels under this category: It espouses the ability to adapt. Hindi Ibang Tao "one-of-us" There are three interaction levels under this category: Filipinos use damdam, or the inner perception of others' emotions, as a basic tool to guide his dealings with other people.
Linking socio-personal value[ edit ] Kagandahang-Loob: This refers to being able to help other people in dire need due to a perception of being together as a part of one Filipino humanity.
Accommodative surface values[ edit ] Hiya:Filipino psychology (sikolohiyang Pilipino in Filipino) is the scientific study of psychology derived from the experience, ideas, and cultural orientation of the Filipinos.
Sikolohiyang Pilipino (Filipino psychology) refers to the psychology born out of the experience, thought and orientation of the Filipinos, based on the full use of Filipino culture and language. The approach is one of ‘‘indigenization from.
According to founder Virgilio Enriquez, Sikolohiyang Pilipino or Filipino Psychology is psychology in the Philippines, for and about the Filipinos. It has a number of concepts uniquely based on Filipino values. Filipino Values in Focus. One of the major focus of Sikolohiyang Pilipino are the values and concepts interpreted by foreign social scientists.
Sikolohiyang Pilipino was from a colonial point of view *there became a need to have an indigenous perspective on "pagkatao" because the organization and logic of the value(s) as it is viewed from this perspective is ignored. Sikolohiyang Pilipino is to contribute to universal psychology, which can be realized only if each group of people is adequately understood by themselves and from their own perspective.
Sikolohiyang Pilipino is a step towards contributing to universal psychology. Sikolohiyang Pilipino, na ayon kay Dr. Virgilio Enriquez, ay pansamantalang binigyang kahulugan, ito ay bunga ng karanasan, kaisipan, at oryentasyong Pilipino. MGA ANYO NG SIKOLOHIYA SA .